The video above contains a very short introduction to the chinese room argument, introduced by philosopher John Searle in the 1980 in his essay „Minds, Brains and Programs“. and it fits to my last post about Googles Duplex natural speech pattern.
The chinese room argument is a thought experiment with whose help Searle (who is btw deep into the philosophy of mind) wanted to prove that it is not enough for a computer to pass the Turing test in order to be considered intelligent. The Turing test was developed by Alan Turing in the 50s as a definition of intelligence where Turing claimed that if one cannot distinguish the answers of a computer from the answers of a person, this computer could be regarded as „intelligent“. So, passing the Turing test is therefore not a sufficient criterion for so-called „strong artificial intelligence“. In addition, it questions the computational theories of the mind and the question if machines are able to think.
This is a huge and interesting topic and it is deeply related to intentionality in human beings and the body-mind problem in philosophy which is still „unsolved“. I think this is the most fascinating topic I have ever been introduced to since I study psychology.